No Marshmallows, Just Term Papers
In order to plan and carry out research, it is necessary for you to know what we mean by research-in general, as well as in the specialized fields of language teaching and language acquisition.
RESEARCH is an ORGANIZED and SYSTEMATIC way of FINDING ANSWERS to QUESTIONS | |
* SYSTEMATIC because there is a definite set of procedures and steps which you will follow. There are certain things in the research process which are always done in order to get the most accurate results.
* ORGANIZED in that there is a structure or method in going about doing research. It is a planned procedure, not a spontaneous one. It is focused and limited to a specific scope.
* FINDING ANSWERS is the end of all research. Whether it is the answer to a hypothesis or even a simple question, research is successful when we find answers. Sometimes the answer is no, but it is still an answer.
* QUESTIONS are central to research. If there is no question, then the answer is of no use. Research is focused on relevant, useful, and important questions. Without a question, research has no focus, drive, oFirst of all, you should realize that research is only one of several ways of "knowing."
First of all, you should realize that research is only one of several ways of "knowing."
The branch of philosophy that deals with this subject is called EPISTEMOLOGY. Epistemologists generally recognize at least four different sources of knowledge:
INTUITIVE KNOWLEDGE takes forms such as belief, faith, intuition, etc. It is based on feelings rather than hard, cold "facts." INTUITIVE (when coming up with an initial idea for research)
AUTHORITATIVE KNOWLEDGE is based on information received from people, books, a supreme being, etc. Its strength depends on the strength of these sources. AUTHORITATIVE (when reviewing the professional literature)
LOGICAL KNOWLEDGE is arrived at by reasoning from...