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Friedrich Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a nineteenth-century German philosopher and philologist. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy, and science, using a distinctive German language style.
His key ideas include interpreting tragedy as an affirmation of life, an eternal recurrence that has become subject to numerous interpretations, a rejection of Platonism, and a denial of Christianity. Nietzsche tore down the foundations of metaphysics and philosophy, proclaimed 'God is Dead' but did not offer us any positive alternatives.
His history and life:
He was of small physical stature ,nearly blind, plagued by nausea ,loneliness, and depression. Nietzsche voiced an explosive philosophy that attracts and offends people nearly a century after his death. Thus he was called the “best selling” author, having a poetic, confrontational style that is both exhalirating and disturbing.
Nietzsche was born in the Prussian village of Rocken. His father was a lutheran minister and died when he was four years old and he was raised with the care of his mother, grandmother, two aunts, and sister. He planned to be as his father but in his late teens he lost his interest in his studies. He questioned the existance of God and even sneaked away and got drunk –on a Sunday.
At twenty he was enrolled in the University of Bonn and tried his best to fit into the raucous life which lead him to nervous collapse. He left Bonn and enrolled in the University of Leipzig. Nietzsche began his career as a classical philologist influenced by his Professor Ritschel, before turning to philosophy. Despite of his academic brilliance, he was lonely man (an outsider). He came across the work the author Schopenhauer and was greatly affected by his philosophy which was known as pessimism. From Schopenhauer Nietzsche concluded that life makes...
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