Water Pollution Control

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The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies vol. 9, no. 2, 2010

Mixed Integer Programming For Pollution

Control Of Indian Tropical Rivers:

A Case Study

Richa Babbar

Jaypee University of Information Technology Waknaghat, Distt Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India,

E-mail: richa.babbar@gmail.com

Himanshu Joshi

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India

Abstract: The present study was undertaken to develop an optimization model that utilized the

simulating and predicting capabilities of QUAL2E water quality model. The model employed a

mixed integer linear programming technique in presenting a water quality management perspective, in terms of a decision space. Constrained with effluent standards and desired water quality

criteria, the model was then duly applied for its suitability to pollution impaired river stretch of

River Hindon (Main River) and River Kali (a tributary).The two rivers flow through industrially

developed districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh in Northern India. The execution of the model, for

the study stretch, yielded a feasible solution in terms of treatment options that satisfied optimization criteria and if implemented in practice, would result in a desired water quality improvement,

based upon the environmental priorities established by the government. The model is an example

of developing a procedure for water quality management within the constitutional framework of

pollution control in India.

Key Words: mixed integer programming, transfer matrix, sustainable water management, waste

water treatment

1. Introduction

The disposal of industrial waste water continues to be

the most crucial environmental problem, affecting

the quality of the environment where it is disposed.

Providing means for its safe disposal often conflicts

with the economic interests of industries needing a

pollution control strategy, especially in a developing

country like India.

Realizing the environmental consequences...