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The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies vol. 9, no. 2, 2010
Mixed Integer Programming For Pollution
Control Of Indian Tropical Rivers:
A Case Study
Jaypee University of Information Technology Waknaghat, Distt Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India,
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to develop an optimization model that utilized the
simulating and predicting capabilities of QUAL2E water quality model. The model employed a
mixed integer linear programming technique in presenting a water quality management perspective, in terms of a decision space. Constrained with effluent standards and desired water quality
criteria, the model was then duly applied for its suitability to pollution impaired river stretch of
River Hindon (Main River) and River Kali (a tributary).The two rivers flow through industrially
developed districts of the state of Uttar Pradesh in Northern India. The execution of the model, for
the study stretch, yielded a feasible solution in terms of treatment options that satisfied optimization criteria and if implemented in practice, would result in a desired water quality improvement,
based upon the environmental priorities established by the government. The model is an example
of developing a procedure for water quality management within the constitutional framework of
pollution control in India.
Key Words: mixed integer programming, transfer matrix, sustainable water management, waste
The disposal of industrial waste water continues to be
the most crucial environmental problem, affecting
the quality of the environment where it is disposed.
Providing means for its safe disposal often conflicts
with the economic interests of industries needing a
pollution control strategy, especially in a developing
country like India.
Realizing the environmental consequences...
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