Chapter 1 Review

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Chapter 1 Review Questions

1. Describe various historical events that have led to the growth of hospitals and a times impeded the centuries.

“The evolution of the hospital traveled a long, tortuous road, struggling along a hazardous path from India and Egypt to Greece and Rome, to the Islamic countries, to England, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, and on to America. “The existence of hospitals is evidence of a high degree of civilization, in which people are interested not only in the well-being of themselves and their families, but the greater community as well.”

2. Describe advances in medicine that have contributed to improving the quality of patient care.

Advancements in medical technology have allowed physicians to better diagnose and treat their patients since the beginning of the professional practice of medicine. Thanks to the continuous development of technology in the medical field, countless lives have been saved and the overall quality of life continues to improve over time.

3. Although everyone makes mistakes, describe how history repeats itself when there are patterns of progress and regression in the provision of patient care. In forming your answer, consider how caregivers, for example, have historically discovered an improved practice, applied that practice, and then return to making the same mistakes by failing to adhere to the recognized practice.

Medical technology has evolved from introducing doctors to new equipment to use inside private practices and hospitals to connecting patients and doctors, as well as medical staff thousands of miles away through telecommunications and other methods.

4. Who is often recognized as being the first hospital administrator and what major contributions did she make to nursing and the improvement of patient care?

Florence Nightingale was founder of the nursing profession and the first hospital administrator and architect of the modern hospital.

5. Which invention attributed to an...