Classical Societies Essay

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Date Submitted: 08/19/2011 05:18 AM

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The artwork from the classical societies, inspire many of the artists today. Artwork can often tell us a lot of information about one's cultures. The artwork that will be examined are the Parthenon from the Classical Greece period, Nike of Samothrace from the Hellenistic Greece period, the Tomb of Reliefs from the Etruscan Civilization, the Temple of "Fortuna Virilis" of the Roman Republic, and the Cornu for the Roman Empire.

The Parthenon is a temple of the Doric order. The temple was built between 448 B.C.E. to 432 B.C.E. This type of art is a visual art. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Athena. The reason it was dedicated to her was because they thought she helped them conquer the Persian Empire during the Persian Wars. This artwork shows how proud they were of their gods and goddesses and how they looked up to them. They formed their first democracy and this was very important to them. They were perfectionist in what they did, and this showed in their artwork especially in this temple. They were very proud of their cultural identity. They believed that it would alter the history of all civilized men.

An amazing sculpture from the Hellenistic time is the Nike of Samothrace. This sculpture is also known as the Winged Victory. This form of art is a visual art. The statue was built around 200 to 190 B.C.E. The statue was placed on the prow of a stone ship, into a mountain side above the Great Gods at Samothrace. Her head was turned to face the sea. The visual that was trying to be achieved was that she had just landed on the prow of the ship, her garments still responding to her movement. This artwork shows how important their gods and goddesses were to them during this time. This artwork also showed how important a victory was to their civilization. This genre of art influenced them by keeping them perfectionist and showing they were victorious. The culture influenced them by showing that they believed in their gods and goddesses to help them out when...