Thales, Anaxagoras, Heraclitus

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Journal 1 Entry: Thales, Anaxagoras, Heraclitus

Three ancient Greek philosophers who were mathematicians and scientist, each opposed and contradicted some of the teachings of Church and State Each one focused on Astrology, physics, geometry to support their many and varied theories.

Thales for example an engineer was credited with using and creating five theories of geometry, predicting the solar eclipse of 585 BC, and that everything is essentially made up of water. (

Anaxagoras a mathematician introduced philosophy to the Athenians. Anaxagoras felt that everything is infinitely divisible and that even the smallest portion of matter contains some of each element, this was considered contradictory to Pythagorean and Eleatic schools during that era, also it contradicted philosopher’s Leucippus and Democritus, and Aristotle all noted Greek philosopher’s of Athena during that era. (

Heraclitus founder of metaphysics a believer of a variety of life’s belief’s felt that religious prophets of that time where wrong in their belief that the lord does not reveal or conceals his intentions for people but that he gives signs. Contradicting the teachings of the oracle at Delphi. (DK22B93). (

Each studied the sciences in Egypt all considered pre Socrates. The main concept of each was that church and state ideas about science and life where not always right or exact.

Socrates' The Apology of the elenchus

Socrates Trial the Apology is in no way an apology as we see it. The Apology bridges the divide between philosophy and literature. It was a defense used to defend Socrates behavior. Socrates believed his visionary prophecy was gained while visiting the oracle at Delphi that said he was the wisest of all men, Socrates believed it was his duty to question the...