Student Loans in Higher Education

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Student loans in higher education

2. Asia

Report of an HEP educational forum by Maureen Woodhall

Paris 1991 International Institute for Educational Planning (Established by Unesco)

Student loans in higher education

T h e views and opinions expressed in this volume are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Unesco or of the H E P . T h e designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of Unesco or H E P concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries. T h e costs of the educational forum and of this report have been covered through a grant-in-aid offered by Unesco and voluntary contributions m a d e by several M e m b e r States of Unesco, the list of which will be found at the end of this volume.

This volume has been typeset using IIEP's computer facilities and has been printed in IIEP's printshop. International Institute for Educational Planning 7 - 9 rue Eugene-Delacroix, 75116 Paris

©Unesco 1991


Preface Executive summary Report of an H E P educational forum I. IL III. IV. A. Introduction S u m m a r y of the forum discussion B a c k g r o u n d orientation paper Annexes Summaries of student support systems I. Australia II. People's Republic of China III. Hong Kong IV. India V. Indonesia VI. Japan

VII. The Republic of Korea

vii l 4 4 7 20 35 35 37 41 46 51 57 65



Malayasia Philippines Singapore Thailand

76 82 85 89 93

Participants in the forum



This booklet is the second of a series which is reporting o n Educational Forums being organized by the IIEP on the issue of student loans in higher education. T h efirstbooklet, published in 1990, examined the situation in Europe and the U S A . T h e present booklet reports o n an educational forum held in Malaysia in November...