Criminal Justice Process

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Date Submitted: 03/18/2009 09:15 PM

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Criminal Justice Process Rebecca Rexroat ` The criminal justice procedure varies from state to state, and federal criminal justice system has its own rules, procedures, and terms to describe the stages of the procedures. There first must be a crime committed or attempt to be committed either in the presence of an officer or reported. Once a crime has been or will be committed an investigation of the crime must take place and with probable cause to arrest. As an arrest is made the criminal or defendant who is innocent until proven guilty is booked into jail. He or she is given their Miranda rights and is soon to be seen in a judicial court to inform the defendant of his or her charges against them, and considered for bail, known as an arraignment. All further pre-trail procedures are determined by whether the defendant is charged with a felony or misdemeanor. This includes the sentencing and whether the defendant is eligible for probation or parole.` ` A law enforcement investigation may occur in several different aspects. An officer might witness a speeder or out of control driver who may be intoxicated and pull them over. A 911 call ofshots beingfired in a neighborhood may cause an officer to be dispatched to determine the cause. Or, a person who has been defrauded by a con artist may call law enforcement officers to report the crime and an investigation begins based on the victim's complaint. If investigating officers believe there's evidence of a crime at a particular location, they may try to get a search warrant allowing them to search the premises. A judge reviews the information submitted by the police and decides whether there isprobable causeto support it. Probable causeis where known facts and circumstances, of a reasonably trustworthy nature, are sufficient to justify a man of reasonable caution or prudence in the belief that a crime has been or is being committed.` `Before a felony case can be set for trial, the prosecutor must prove there is...