Macro Economy Enviorment of South Africa.Doc

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Macro Economy Enviorment

of South Afrcia

Ⅰ. General Situation of South Afrcia

Republic of South Africa is located in the southernmost tip of the African continent, east, west, south three sides surrounded by the Indian Ocean and the Atlantic, land with Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and adjacent to, Lesotho, surrounded by his middle. South Africa is the only advanced capitalist industrial countries, industrial production and mining output accounted for 75% of the gross national product more than light and heavy industry and farming, animal husbandry, fisheries, transport and so is relatively developed, in many sectors, not only in Africa, , but are more prominent in the world.

South Africa was originally a colony of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. For centuries, in an extremely rich natural resources and a large number of low-cost black labor, based on a large number of white immigrants through the entry of foreign capital penetration and colonizers extensive violent means, so that the various economic sectors in South Africa quickly established a capitalist production方式. Currently in its economic activities, still have a clear dual nature, so as to preserve some of the colonial nature, such as control of foreign capital (of which British capital, foreign capital accounted for 60%), and a large number of primary products, the output of manufactured goods input and so on. On the other hand has the imperialist nature of the external pursuing aggressive policy of expansionism and occupation of Namibia, but also to many countries export large amounts of capital; in the country has imposed a monopoly of production, capital intensive, monopoly capital is not only control of the economy, but also to control the state apparatus, but also the implementation of the fascist rule of non-whites and cruel racial discrimination.

South Africa is the most abundant mineral resources in the country, but also the world's major mineral producers, to...