Cola Wars

Submitted by: Submitted by

Views: 369

Words: 915

Pages: 4

Category: Business and Industry

Date Submitted: 11/12/2012 10:47 PM

Report This Essay

Executive Summary- The Cola wars are about a hundred years old but they are still continuing either in form of bottling strategy, or in form of new product mix or in terms of expanding in new markets. This 100-year ‘war’ has changed as per the market conditions, consumer demand and strategy of each company. Both Companies have benefitted out of this rivalry and the competition between the two companies has made both the firms more efficient and has effectively made the cola market a two-horse race.

The concentrate producers have been so profitable because making the concentrate required little investment in machinery, overhead or labor. A typical concentrate manufacturing plant serving the whole of US would only cost between $50-100 million to build. While the bottlers had to pay a high cost for concentrate, syrup, labor, packaging and overhead costs. They also had to invest capital in distribution network and trucks. The Concentrate producers sold the concentrate at high prices to the bottlers earning enormous profits while the bottlers had to contribute 50% of the marketing and sales spend.

• Starting in the 1980s, why did Coke and Pepsi buy up their bottler networks? Why grant exclusivity?

Coke and Pepsi bought their bottlers because they could not convince the bottlers to become more efficient and invest more in their outdated machinery and support new product lines.

• What should Pepsi do next, and how might Coke respond?

Pepsi should try and gain market share in the fountain vending channel. Also it must try and further consolidate its non-CSD portfolio. Pepsi must also make sure that it expands in the international market since those markets are still growing at 10% while the CSD market in the US is experiencing negative growth.

• Which strategies should the smaller competitors follow?

Also smaller firms must try and diversify their product offering as per the changing taste of the consumers in the developed markets. They must begin to offer...