Johne Locke

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Date Submitted: 11/14/2012 04:28 PM

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John Locke was an outstanding English philosopher and physician, extensively known as the "Father of Liberalism". He was admired as one of the most prominent Enlightenment thinkers. Locke also devoted equal contribution to the social contract theory. Also, his works showered a great impact on the epistemology and political philosophy development. The writings of John Locke have inspired many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers like Voltaire and Rousseau as well as revolutionaries from United States. In the American Declaration of Independence, Locke's input to classical republicanism and liberal theory can be clearly seen. His theory of mind is frequently quoted as the origin of modern conceptions of identity and the self. He was the first to provide a definition of the self, using a continuity of consciousness. Locke figured out that the mind was a blank state and we are born without any inborn ideas, and that knowledge is acquired only by the experiences.

John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in a tiny cottage by the church in Wrington, Somerset, to John Locke and Agnes Keene. His father was country lawyer and clerk to the Justices of the Peace in Chew Magna. Senior John Locke had also worked as a captain of cavalry for the Parliamentarian forces during the initial period of English Civil War. Immediately after the birth of John Locke, he was baptized. The family of Locke shifted to the market town of Pensford and Locke was brought up in a rural area in Belluton. In 1647, Locke attended the prestigious Westminster School in London. His education there was sponsored by Alexander Popham, a Member of Parliament and former commander of Locke's father. After finishing his studies, Locke got admission in the Christ Church, Oxford. But annoyed by the undergraduate curriculum, he got involved deeply in the works of modern philosophers like René Descartes.

Locke found philosophy extremely interesting than the material available in the course structure. Through his...