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Date Submitted: 05/16/2013 06:17 PM

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Since there is a falling in happiness among with the staff at Health-Time, the fitness club’s manager, Matthew James, is faced with an urgent challenge: how to improve employees’ motivation. Motivational problems were driven by the experience of unsatisfied needs by the staff, and Matt may not understand which needs are the more important for individual employees. By far the most widely known theory of human motivation is Maslow’s needs hierarchy theory (“Organizational Behavior” 95). The Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy, a famous theory put forward by Maslow, focuses on the issue of motivation promotion, and has been successfully applied to management. This essay is going to evaluate Maslow’s hierarchy of needs as a way of understanding employee motivation at the fitness club. There is no denying that the hierarchy of needs can provide benefits for Health-Time. Firstly, the Maslow’s theory can be used as a self-encouragement for the staff. The theory divides people’s needs into five hierarchies, including physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization, which are ranged in a clear order from low level to high, and humans seek to satisfy their needs in this order. As one need of lower level has been met, the individual can shift to satisfy the needs of the next level.

As a result, for satisfactory workplace motivation, it is important that Matt understands the active needs active for individual employee motivation. In this manner, Maslow's model indicates that fundamental, lower-order needs like physiological and safety requirements have to be satisfied in order to pursue higher-level motivators along the lines of self-actualization.

There are some important implications for Matt to motivate his employees through management style, job design, and compensation packages, some examples of which follow:

* Physiological: Provide lunch breaks, rest breaks, and wages that are sufficient to purchase the essentials of life.

* Safety: Provide a...