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Category: Science and Technology

Date Submitted: 08/13/2013 03:54 AM

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No single invention since the industrial revolution has made such an impact on production as the computer, before the onset of the industrial revolution in 18th and 19th century, the manufacturing industry was mainly comprised of individuals skilled in the production of certain products. Knowledge of the craft was gleaned through apprenticeship, where a worker learned the finer points of the trade from an established artisan.

Computer application in production means automation of production processes in which computer substitutes human action in the control of machines and industrial processes. Automation of production is the technology that deals with design of machine tools and systems by utilizing electronics and computer systems to produce the final product at minimal cost thus involving minimum human interference and producing components of high accuracy, desired tolerance and reliability.

In modern production, computer program such as Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Computer Aided Process Plan (CAPP), Numerical Control, Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) etc can be applied to machine tools, to programme and control machine operation for production design, production planning, production control and production processes in order to have an effective production.



Computer is an electronic or electro-mechanical machine that accepts inputs (tangible inputs; “raw materials, semi-finished goods or subassemblies” and intangible inputs; “ideas, information, know how”) processes them by transforming according to some set of instructions or program to give out the desired result (goods or services) as an output.


Production is the act of manufacturing goods; manufacturing is the use of machines, tools and labour to make things for use or sale. The term may refer to a range of human activity, from handicraft to high tech, but...