No Marshmallows, Just Term Papers
SOUTHERN LUZON STATE UNIVERSITY
College of Engineering
S.Y. 2014 – 2015
REACTION PAPER IN ETHICS
Niño Carlo H. Cosejo
BSME – II GO
The Study of Ethics
Ethics comes from the greek word ethos, ethics is defined as “the practical and
philosophical science of the morality of human act. Ethics deals more on principles and
law on the morality of human acts. It provides with knowledge that he may know what to
do and how to do it. Thus, ethics provides the guides to the performance of an act. As a
science, it is a body of systematized knowledge arranged with its accompanying
explanation. As a practical science, it consists of principles and laws that are applied in
daily life and it presents truths that are to be acted upon. As philosophical science, it
presents and deliberates its subject matter “in the light of it deepest principles by means
of human reason alone”.
Ethos refers to those characteristics belonging to man as rational being endowed
with intellect and free-will. While the Latin word mos,mores is the traditional line of
conduct or custom. It is from this root word that the word moral or morality is derived.
Philosophy of Man
The Greek Thinkers (Founder of Philosophy of man)
* Socrates – He is a teacher of Plato. He thinks that “man is made of body
and soul”, the soul is distinct from the body, and is linked to God in
memory, understanding indivisibility and immortality. He also thinks
that the highest value of man is happiness.
* Plato (427–347 BC) – Thinks that man is essentially a soul and the soul
is spiritual and immortal. Also, death liberates the soul from the prison of
* Aristotle (384–322 BC) – another teacher of Plato, he thinks that man is
made of body and soul.
* St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430 AD)
* St. Anselm of Italy (1033-430 AD)
* St. Thomas of Aquinas...