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After Action Review:
You learn best when you discover an answer or solution on your own. Learning is most effective when you train and evaluate at the same time. You, as a leader and trainer, must learn how to do this. The best way to accomplish this is to use an after action review.
The AAR Process:
Define The AAR Process:
The purpose of the AAR is two fold:
1. It allows Soldiers to discover for themselves what happening during training and why
2. It tells Soldiers how to improve future performance
The AAR is a professional discussion that leaders conduct after each training event, and the discussion focuses directly on mission accomplishment. It stresses meeting standards and dos not determine winners or losers. The AAR involves Soldiers and leaders in the analysis of training, brings out and reinforces important learning points, and links the lesson learned to subsequent training .
Identify the 4 Parts of AAR:
1. Review what should have happened
a. First, you and other Soldiers review the training plan to determine what should have happened in the training.
2. Establish what happened
a. Second, you identify what did happen during the training and you must include the thoughts and points of view of not only the Soldiers but the opposing force (OPFOR) as well.
3. Determine what went right or wrong
a. The third part of the AAR is very important because this is when you deteremine what went right and what went wrong with the training. This is when you must be careful and not let the AAR turn into a critique session.
4. Determine how to do the task differently the next time
a. Finally, as a group, you and other Soldiers must determine how you will perform the task or mission differently the next time you conduct training. You play a critical role in guiding the AAR discussion so that the conclusions reached are doctrinally sound. You will actually lead other Soldiers in determining exactly how to perform the task differently the next time. That’s...
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