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Date Submitted: 08/24/2010 07:59 AM

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We can define social group is a basic form of human association which is considered as a whole, moral and material traditions. To be a social group there must be an interaction between its participants. A group of people that just displays a sociality among themselves, as in a cinema queue, for example, cannot be regarded as a social group because they did not interact.

Social groups have a form of organization, even if subjective. Another feature is that these groups are superior and external to the individual, so if a person leaves a group, it probably will not end. The group members also have a group consciousness ("we" instead of "I"), certain values, principles and common goals.

Social groups differ in the degree of contact of members. The primary groups are those in which members have primary contacts, more intimate. Examples: family, groups of friends, neighbors, etc..

Unlike the primary groups, secondary are those where members do not have this degree of closeness. Examples: churches, political parties, etc.. Another type of social groups are the reference groups, which represent the two forms of contact: primary and secondary. These are the groups by which we evaluate our selves. Example: school.


The main elements of bureaucratic structure are:

1) Activities = normal formal duties: all normal activities necessary to transform organizations into formal duties entirely, demanding each day a greater specialization as well as the greatest responsibility of every element in the execution of their duties.

2) Hierarchical Organization of positions: all positions are organized according to hierarchical principles, showing different levels of status and differentiation of "papers." All positions bring together a certain degree of responsibility and authority. Each element assumes a responsibility towards their superiors, by their actions and decisions and also by their subordinates. The authority of each is limited to tasks for...