Hinduism, Buddhism, Confuscianism

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Study Guide for Assessment on Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Ancient Indian and Chinese Empires and Belief Systems

Central teachings of Judaism


Following God's Law

Equality and Social Justice

The Importance of Study

Central teachings of Hinduism

polytheistic; atman (essential self); moksha (union with brahman (free yourself from desire)); reincarnation (rebirth of a soul into another bodily form)

Central teachings of Buddhism

four noble truths; reach nirvana(union with the universe and release from cycle of rebirth); the cause of all human suffering is desire

Central teachings of Confucianism

five relationships (superior vs. subordinate) ruler-ruled; husband-wife; parent-child; elder brother-older brother; (only equal relationship= friend-friend)

filial piety(respect for parents above all duties)

honesty, hard work, and concern for others

Central teachings of Legalism

they believe that a highly efficient and powerful government was the key to resorting order.

believe that government should use the law to end civil disorder and restore harmony.

believe in controlling ideas as well as actions.

they believe that humans are innately bad

they believe in strict rules and harsh punishments

Central teachings of Taoism

Harmony with nature; no government

How did Buddhism spread beyond India?

Missionaries and traders

What are the three basic teachings of Hinduism?

Dharma, Karma, and Reincarnation. Dharma is the religious and moral duties of an individual. Karma is all the actions of a person's life that affect his or her fate in the next life. Reincarnation is the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form.

According to the Buddha, what actions would allow people to escape worldly suffering?

Letting go of suffering

What were the teachings of Confucius?

Written in analects; taught that harmony resulted when people accepted their place in society

How did Confucian ideas help shape Chinese life?