Rizal's Exile

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Date Submitted: 05/10/2012 07:20 PM

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Rizal's Life And Travels


• Doctor- completed his medical course in Spain and was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid

• Jose- was chosen by his mother who was a devotee of the Christian saint San Jose (St. Joseph)

• Protacio- from Gervacio P. which come from a Christian calendar

• Mercado- adopted in 1731 by Domigo Lamco (the paternal great-great-grandfather of Jose Rizal) which the Spanish term mercado means ‘market’ in English

• Rizal- from the word ‘Ricial’ in Spanish means a field where wheat, cut while still green, sprouts again

• Alonzo- old surname of his mother

• Y- and

• Realonda- it was used by Doña Teodora from the surname of her godmother based on the culture by that time

    • June 19, 1861- moonlit of Wednesday between eleven and midnight Jose Rizal was born in the lakeshore town of Calamba, Laguna

    • June 22, 1861- aged three days old, Rizal was baptized in the Catholic church

    • Father Rufino Collantes- a Batangueño, the parish priest who

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baptized Rizal

    • Father Pedro Casanas- Rizal’s godfather, native of Calamba and close friend of the Rizal family

    • Lieutenant-General Jose Lemery- the governor general of the Philippines when Rizal was born


✓ Don Francisco Mercado (1818-1898)

  -born in Biñan, Laguna on May 11, 1818

  -studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila

  -became a tenant-farmer of the Dominican-owned hacienda

  -a hardy and independent-minded man, who talked less and worked more, and was strong in body and valiant in spirit

  -died in Manila on January 5, 1898 at the age of 80

  -Rizal affectionately called him “a model of fathers”

✓ Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda (1826-1911)