# Case Question

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Date Submitted: 09/11/2012 12:56 PM

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Real Options Assignment

Executive Charter is a new corporation formed by Agnes Magna to provide an executive flying service for the southeastern United States. The founder thinks there will be a ready demand from businesses that cannot justify a full-time company plane but nevertheless need one from time to time. However, the venture is not a sure thing. There is a 40% chance that demand in the first year will be low. If it is low, there is a 60% chance that it will remain low in subsequent years. On the other hand, if the initial demand is high, there is an 80% chance that it will stay high. The immediate problem is to decide what kind of plane to buy. A turboprop costs \$550,000. A piston-engine plane costs only \$250,000 but has less capacity. Moreover, the piston-engine plane is an old design and likely to depreciate rapidly. Ms. Magna thinks that next year secondhand piston aircraft will be available for only \$150,000 The table below shows how the payoffs in years 1 and 2 from both planes depend on the pattern of demand. You can see, for example, that if demand is high in both years 1 and 2, the turbo will provide a payoff of \$960,000 in year 2. If demand is high in year 1 but low in year 2, the turbo’s payoff in the second year is only \$220,000. Think of the payoffs in the second year as the cash flow that year plus the year-2 value of any subsequent cash flows. Also think of these cash flows as certainty equivalents, which can therefore be discounted at the risk-free rate of 10%. Ms. Magna now has an idea: Why not start out with one piston plane. If demand is low in the first year, Executive Charter can sit tight with this one relatively inexpensive aircraft. On the other hand, if demand is high in the first year, she can buy a second piston-engine plane for only \$150,000. In this case, if demand continues to be high, the payoff in year 2 from two piston planes will be \$800,000. However, if demand in year 2 were to decline, the payoff would be only...