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“Critical and Creative Thinking Questions” #2 on page 169, #5 on page 195, and #1 and #6 on page 223.
2. What are some examples of ways in which observational learning has benefited you in your life? Are there instances in which observational learning has worked to your disadvantage?
Observational Learning was very beneficial when I was 18 and received a job in phone sales. However I have never worked in sales before thus I had no sales experience. On my first day I observe an experienced salesperson that I was set to train under. This allowed me to gain knowledge of how to sale and pick up good behaviors of an effective salesperson.
I personal have not had any instances in which observational learning has worked to my disadvantage.
5. As an eyewitness to a crime, how could you use information in this chapter to improve your memory for specific details? If you were a juror, what would you say to the other jurors about the reliability of eyewitness testimony?
By using the Distributed practice which refers to spacing your learning periods, with rest periods between sessions. But I would only focus on specific details that may be important to the case as an eyewitness.
I would explain to all the other jurors that researchers have demonstrated that it is relatively easy to create false memories.
1. During problem solving, do you use primarily algorithms or heuristics? What are the advantages of each?
During problem solving I primarily use heuristics. I use this method because I like to use intuitive judgment or just plain old common sense.
The use of algorithms provides a number of benefits. One of these benefits algorithms allows and even forces examination of the solution to problem solving. By using algorithms, decision making becomes a more rational process.
The use of Heuristic is common sense drawn from experience, used to solve problems. Heuristic programs do not always reach the very best result but usually produce good results within a...
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