Plants vs Animals

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Date Submitted: 09/13/2012 08:28 AM

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Plants vs. Animals

There are five similarities between plants and animals. The similarities include that include that both have a nucleus and nuclear membrane. The nucleus of both cells regulates the cells overall functions as a brain would with a human body. They also contain a smooth endoplasmic reticulum which works as the cells source of metabolism and nutrient/mineral conversion. They both consist of a rough endoplasmic reticulum that works to synthesize proteins within the cells. They both contain mitochondria which work by providing energy to the entire cell of both animal and plant cells. Lastly plants and animals have Golgi complexes, which works to consolidate protein produced within the animal and plant cells.

There are three differences between plant and animal cells. The first one is that plant cells have cell wall, which is made up of a rigid layer that protects the plant cells. Another one is that plant cells have chloroplasts that fuel the plant cell through the process of photosynthesis, or conversion of light into energy for the plant cell. Plant cells have a central vacuole, which stores water and other materials that might otherwise cause damage to the cell.

There are five internal structures of animal cells. The first one is the nucleus, which is the brain of the cell and regulates/controls the cell activities. The second one is ribosome which uses amino acids to produce proteins. The third structure is Golgi complex which collects proteins together before protein is distributed. There is also the mitochondria which provide energy to the cell and have a part in cell growth. Lastly, there is smooth endoplasmic reticulum which provides a variety of tasks for the cell such as metabolic functions and processing minerals and nutrients.