Consumer Perceptions

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Date Submitted: 07/18/2011 03:08 PM

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Consumer perceptions of store brands versus national brands

Kristof De Wulf

Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Gent, Belgium

¨ Gaby Odekerken-Schroder

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands, and

Frank Goedertier and Gino Van Ossel

Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Gent, Belgium

Abstract Purpose – The objective of this study is threefold. First, the authors want to use taste tests to assess how four store brands that are differently positioned compare to one national brand in terms of perceived brand equity. Second, the authors want to investigate whether brand equity of store versus national brands is determined by current brand loyalty towards these brands. Third, they want to find out whether store patronage has an influence on perceived brand equity of store versus national brands. Design/methodology/approach – A total of 225 consumers were involved in a repeated measures design involving two within-subject factors: a blind and non-blind taste test of five orange juice brands. Across our three objectives, we describe the impact of the retailers’ positioning strategies on the results generated. Findings – The results confirm the common belief that private label products can offer the same or even better quality than national brands, but at a lower price. Originality/value – Until now, hardly any study incorporates the differences in positioning objectives of retailers and national brand manufacturers. Nevertheless, as is true for any brand, positioning of a store brand can exert an important influence on its performance. Keywords Brand loyalty, Stores and supermarkets, Brand equity Paper type Research paper

An executive summary for managers and executive readers can be found at the end of this article.

1. Introduction

Store or retailer brands have made significant inroads into the packaged goods market in the 1980s and 1990s with the average market share of store brands increasing...