Mid-Term Examination

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Date Submitted: 11/27/2012 08:44 AM

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Onalaja Kehinde

PHIL 220.009

Dr. John Hersey

Fall 2012

Section 1: Explanation

* Psychological Egoism: It is from the consequentialist theories of morality which states that human being act in their own self- interest. This simply applies that human being’s do things that only benefit themselves for examples if a person is trap in a burning building and can’t find a way out to safety, a person that can help will automatically come to the rescue and save that person but ultimately the individual wanted to be the hero of the day, likewise the center of attraction and also be congratulated of saving a life.

* Universal Ethics Egoism: It is from the consequentialist theories of morality which states that what human ought to do is what’s best for their own self- interest. The reason for that is that human beings are questioned about their behavior so as to improve what’s best for them. This idea is that by doing what is best of their self-interest will determine what is best for all. For example, human beings brushed their teeth every day, not because we were told to but because they want fresh breath, by doing so, human beings engaged in universal ethics egoism because they did what was best for their own self- interest.

* Divine Command Theory: It is from the Non-consequentialist theories of morality which states that an act is either moral or immoral only to God, which command us to follow or not to follow. The divine command theory is the focus that morality is dependent upon God, and that it is moral obligated to consist and obey the commandment of God, which is the 10th commandment, which are; Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not commit adultery, thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not covet, Honor your father and mother, thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain, Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor, Thou shalt not worship any other God, Remember to keep the lord’s day holy, Thou shalt not take thy Lord thy God...