Web-Based Blood Donor Management Information System for Red Cross - Pangasinan Chapter

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Chapter 1


Background of the Study

Blood is universally recognized as the most precious element that sustains life. It saves innumerable lives across the world in a variety of conditions. According to Australian Red Cross, there are three types of blood donation which includes Whole Blood Donation, Plasma Donation and Platelet Donation. The most commonly known is the Whole Blood Donation, which involves collecting 3 blood components (red cells, plasma and platelets). O negative donors are always needed for whole blood donations. It is the only blood type that can be safely given to everyone – whatever their blood type, so they are known as ‘universal donors’. Donations can be made every 12 weeks. Most people are able to donate whole blood if they are fit, healthy and not suffering from a cold, flu or other illness at the time of donation, are between 16-70 years old (in some states 16 & 17 years olds require parental consent) and weighing more than 45kg (Australian Red Cross).

Those blood that has been collected will undergo the process of blood banking. According to John Hopkins (2013), Blood banking is the process that takes place in the laboratory to ensure that donated blood, or blood products, are safe before they are used in blood transfusions and other medical procedures. Blood banking includes typing the blood for transfusion and testing for infectious diseases.

According to Kanobe Fredrick (2009), the blood management information system offers functionalities to quick access to donor records collected from various parts of the country. It enables monitoring of the results and performance of the blood donation activity such that relevant and measurable objectives of the organization can be checked.

History shows that since then, records and processing of data plays an important role in human life. Some procedures were formulated to satisfy the need for information. These procedures became the basis of the idea of an information...