Submitted by: Submitted by

Views: 358

Words: 1535

Pages: 7

Category: Science and Technology

Date Submitted: 11/13/2012 05:39 AM

Report This Essay


It is required to have clear idea in some subjects before going into discussion. The basic idea comes first with the human reproductive organs and their functions and human reproductive process:

Male Reproductive Organs and functions:

A pictorial illustration of the human male reproductive system.

The major reproductive organs of the male can be grouped into three categories. The first category is sperm production and storage. Production takes place in the testes which are housed in the temperature regulating scrotum, immature sperm then travel to the epididymis for development and storage. The second category is the ejaculatory fluid producing glands which include the seminal vesicles, prostate, and the vas deferens. The final category are those used for copulation, and deposition of the spermatozoa (sperm) within the female, these include the penis, urethra, vas deferens, and Cowper's gland.

Female Reproductive Organs and functions:

A pictorial illustration of the human female reproductive system.

The human female reproductive system contains three main parts: the vagina, which acts as the receptacle for the male's sperm, the uterus, which holds the developing fetus, and the ovaries, which produce the female's ova. The vagina meets the outside at the vulva, which also includes the labia, clitoris and urethra; during intercourse this area is lubricated by mucus secreted by the Bartholin's glands. The vagina is attached to the uterus through the cervix, while the uterus is attached to the ovaries via the fallopian tubes. At certain intervals, typically approximately every 28 days, the ovaries release an ovum, this passes through the fallopian tube into the uterus. The lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, and unfertilized ova are shed each cycle through a process known as menstruation.

Examples of homologous human reproductive organs

Male organ Female organ Shared function

Cowper's gland Bartholin's glands...