Health Care System

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Date Submitted: 11/19/2013 10:13 AM

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Health Care System Of Pakistan

What is health care system:

“An investment organization and infrastructure for the deployment of health care providers who work to improve the quantity and quality of life of the individuals that makes up the population for whom the system is responsible.”

Health care needs vary world-wide. However Pakistan is the sixth largest state of the world living in urban and rural areas. Unfortunately, according to Transparency International; health care system in Pakistan is one of the most corrupt sector. General survey suggests that most of the Pakistani are unhappy with health services they are offered. Entitled Health Transitions in Pakistan, the series of articles says health sector in Pakistan lags behind 12 countries in the region with economic, cultural and geographic similarities e.g. India, Bangladesh etc. Unfortunately, only 1.5% of whole budget is fixed to health and sanitation which is not sufficient. According to economic survey of Pakistan (2005_06), government of Pakistan spending 0.75 % of GDP in health care sector to improve health of the nation which is totally insufficient. Ministry of Health of Pakistan states that health expenditure of period 2007-08 was 3.791 billion Pakistani rupees while that spent on development was 14.272 billion.

Health care indicators:

Communicable diseases such as diarrhoea, respiratory infections, tuberculosis, and immunizable childhood disease still account for the major portion of sickness and death in Pakistan.

Maternal health problems are also widespread, complicated in part by frequent births.

Pakistan lags far behind from most developing countries in women's health and gender equity; of every 38 women who give birth, 1 dies.

The infant mortality rate (101 per 1,000) and the mortality rate for children under age five (140 per 1,000 births) exceed the averages for low-income countries by 60 and 36 % respectively.

Although use of contraceptives has increased, fertility remains high,...