Reaction Paper in Ethics

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College of Engineering

S.Y. 2014 – 2015


Submitted by:

Niño Carlo H. Cosejo


Submitted to:

Mr. Alcoreza


The Study of Ethics

Ethics comes from the greek word ethos, ethics is defined as “the practical and

philosophical science of the morality of human act. Ethics deals more on principles and

law on the morality of human acts. It provides with knowledge that he may know what to

do and how to do it. Thus, ethics provides the guides to the performance of an act. As a

science, it is a body of systematized knowledge arranged with its accompanying

explanation. As a practical science, it consists of principles and laws that are applied in

daily life and it presents truths that are to be acted upon. As philosophical science, it

presents and deliberates its subject matter “in the light of it deepest principles by means

of human reason alone”.

Ethos refers to those characteristics belonging to man as rational being endowed

with intellect and free-will. While the Latin word mos,mores is the traditional line of

conduct or custom. It is from this root word that the word moral or morality is derived.

Philosophy of Man

The Greek Thinkers (Founder of Philosophy of man)

* Socrates – He is a teacher of Plato. He thinks that “man is made of body

and soul”, the soul is distinct from the body, and is linked to God in

memory, understanding indivisibility and immortality. He also thinks

that the highest value of man is happiness.

* Plato (427–347 BC) – Thinks that man is essentially a soul and the soul

is spiritual and immortal. Also, death liberates the soul from the prison of

the body.

* Aristotle (384–322 BC) – another teacher of Plato, he thinks that man is

made of body and soul.

Christian Thinkers

* St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430 AD)

* St. Anselm of Italy (1033-430 AD)

* St. Thomas of Aquinas...